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Applied Physical Sciences — Graduate Course Listing

APPL590: Design and Making for Researchers
Design thinking is a popular buzz term in this age of Kickstarter, instant turnaround, and short time-to-market.  But what is design thinking really all about?   In many ways, it is a process that most of us were quite familiar with in our preschool years.  Observe an opportunity.  Take an action.  Assess the results. Laugh at the failures. Repeat.  In this graduate-level course, we will parallel the discovery process taught in APPL110 – learning about human-centered design, needs identification, and the iterative design and prototyping process.  In addition, we will provide practical overviews on several technical areas common to many research laboratories such as hardware selection, gas and liquid management, material compatibilities, electronics and data acquisition, etc.  In addition to the BeAM makerspace focused skills development activities conducted in APPL110, students will work on a personal project related to their work in the laboratory or research topic.

MTSC 710 — Materials Science First Year Seminar: Resources for Success in Your PhD Program
1 Credit.
This course is required for first year MTSC students. It is designed to expose students to APS research and key resources and skills outside of course work that they will need to be successful in the PhD program and beyond. Sessions will include research talks by APS faculty, workshops by invited speakers internal and external to UNC, and presentations by second year PhD students.
Grading status: H/P/L/F.

MTSC 711 — Materials Science First Year Seminar: Developing your Plan for Success
1 Credit.
This is a required course for first-year MTSC graduate students. Students gain knowledge and learn key skillsets outside of their technical course work needed for success in their PhD program and beyond. MTSC711 follows on the topics learned in MTSC710 to broaden the professional development of materials science PhD students. Students work to develop an Individual Development Plan, to understand the variety of career paths available for PhD-holders, and to practice research presentations.
Grading status: H/P/L/F.

MTSC 718 — Seminar in Materials Science and Engineering
1 Credit.
This is a required course for all Materials Science students in fall and spring semesters of years 2-5 of their doctoral program. The course tracks attendance at the required APS departmental seminars. Attending departmental seminars is an important component of training for MTSC doctoral students. Engaging in the seminars will help students gain a working knowledge of a variety of research areas important to their doctoral research.
Grading status: Pass/Fail.

MTSC 740 — Advanced Biomaterials
3 Credits.

Medical or dental implants or explants are highlighted from textbooks, scientific literature, and personal accounts.
Requisites: Prerequisite, BMME 510; Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Same as: BMME 740.

MTSC 745 — Chemistry of Biomaterials
3 Credits.

Focuses on the chemistry and chemical structure-function relationships of soft synthetic biological materials. Topics include chemistry of proteins, peptides, nucleic acids, polysaccharides and lipids, and their incorporation into biomaterials and biosensors; enzymatic reactions; chemical modification of organic and inorganic surfaces using self-assembled monolayer chemistries, bioconjugation chemistries, synthesis of nanoparticles and their application as sensors, application of biological materials for logic operations, fundamentals of supramolecular chemistry. dental implants or explants are highlighted from textbooks, scientific literature, and personal accounts.

MTSC 755 – Polymer Processing and Properties
3 Credits.

How does one process ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene into ultra-strong fibers or how would you design a polymer shape-memory actuator? Polymer chemistry is important but equally important is the way how polymers are processed. In this course we will discuss the relationship between polymer chemistry, processing and the final, after processing, properties. We will discuss different processing methods that are currently in use) and which parameters play a role in controlling the final properties.

CHEM 758 – Introduction to Chemical Crystallography
3 Credits.
CHEM758 is intended for graduate students who wish to acquire a basic understanding of crystallography, the mathematical foundations of diffraction principles, the hands-on experience in the operation of X-ray diffractometers, computer software for crystal structure determination and visualization, as well as crystallographic databases. The goal of the course is to prepare students to independently operate diffractometers and carry out X-ray structure determinations for their Ph.D. work.

MTSC 765 — Electronic Materials and Devices – Organic and Inorganic
3 Credits.

The course introduces the electronic and optical processes in organic molecules and polymers that govern the behavior of practical organic optoelectronic devices. The course begins with an overview of fundamental science of electronic materials and devices. We then discuss their optoelectronic properties of organic molecules, including topics from photophysics, charge transport and injection. Emphasis will be equally placed on the use of both inorganic and organic electronic materials in organic electronic devices.
Prerequisites: No prerequisites

MTSC 780 — Advanced Materials Science
3 Credits.

This course covers the physical fundamentals of material science with an in-depth discussion of structure formation in soft and hard materials and how structure determines material mechanical, electrical, thermal, and optical properties. Topics include amorphous and crystal structures, defects, dislocation theory, thermodynamics and phase diagrams, diffusion, interfaces and microstructures, solidification, and theory of phase transformation. Special emphasis will be on the structure-property relationships of (bio)polymers, (nano)composites, and their structure property relationships
Grading status: Letter grade.

MTSC 785 — Scientific Computing for Material Science
3 Credits.

This course covers the physical fundamentals of material science with in-depth development of the principles controlling the formation of the structure of engineering materials. Topics include crystal structures, defects, dislocation theory, thermodynamics and phase diagrams, diffusion, interfaces and microstructures, solidification and theory of phase transformation, and physical properties of hard and soft materials.
Grading status: Letter grade.

MTSC 871 — Solid State Physics
3 Credits.

Equivalent experience for students lacking the prerequisite. Topics considered include those of PHYS 573, but at a more advanced level, and in addition a detailed discussion of the interaction of waves (electromagnetic, elastic, and electron waves) with periodic structures, e.g., X-ray diffraction, phonons, band theory of metals and semiconductors.
Requisites: Prerequisite, PHYS 321.
Same as: PHYS 871.

MTSC 872 — Solid State Physics
3 Credits.

Topics considered include those of PHYS 573, but at a more advanced level, and in addition a detailed discussion of the interaction of waves (electromagnetic, elastic, and electron waves) with periodic structures, e.g., X-ray diffraction, phonons, band theory of metals and semiconductors.
Requisites: Prerequisite, PHYS 321.
Same as: PHYS 872.

MTSC 994 — Doctoral Research and Dissertation
3 Credits.

Permission of the department.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit.

APPL 405 — Convergent Engineering: Team-Science Approaches to Discovery and Innovation
3 Credits.
Students will participate in various take-home and in-class activities, group discussion and problem-solving coaching to enhance understanding of how chemistry, physics, materials science and biology are applied to engineering. There will be special focus on BioEngineering, Chemical, Mechanical and Environmental Engineering. Discussions of relevant scientific literature introduce each topic. Guest lecturers and faculty will provide perspectives in fields like mathematical modeling, mechanical engineering or circuit design so students gain a true interdisciplinary view of topics.

APPL 412 — Design and Making: Turning Your Entrepreneurial Ideas Into Reality
3 Credits. Sample Syllabus.

Do you have an entrepreneurial idea and you would like to make a prototype to turn your idea into reality? Or do you want to experience the design and making process? In this class, you will go through this process for a semester-long project. The final outcome will be a prototype that meets an entrepreneurial need. Students from any major are welcome to take this class.
Requisites: Prerequisites, ECON 125, Introduction to Entrepreneurship. Orientation in the BeAM makerspace is also required.

APPL 430 — Optical Instrumentation
3 Credits. Sample Syllabus.

This course introduces principles of optical system design, covering a broad variety of imaging and microscopy instruments. The material will include computational methods for optical signal processing and basic principles governing light-matter interactions. The course will include theory and hands-on experience to implement and test methods. We will discuss recent publications and state-of-the-art optical systems which are task-driven, controlled by computers, tailored to specific applications, and optimized to monitor or manipulate complex systems.
Requisites: No prerequisites

APPL 435 — Nanophotonics
3 Credits. Sample Syllabus.

This course introduces the principles of nanophotonics – an emerging frontier at the nexus of nanotechnology and photonics that deals with light-matter interactions at the nanometer scale. The course will cover the theoretical foundations of nanoscale optical interactions, fabrication and characterization of optical nanomaterials, plasmonics, optical trapping and manipulation, electrodynamic simulations, and applications of nanophotonics.
Requisites: PHYS117 or CHEM251 or permission of the instructor

APPL462 — Engineering Materials: Properties, Selection, and Design
3 Credits. Sample Syllabus.
This course will cover both fundamental and applied aspects of modern materials science. We will discuss how to select materials based on their properties and how they can be processed into products that you encounter in everyday life. A strong focus will be on the relationship between processing, structure (development), and properties of solid materials, such as metals, ceramics and polymers. Topics include crystal structures, imperfections, diffusion, mechanical properties, deformation mechanisms, phase diagram, phase transformations, material characterization techniques, and electrical, magnetic, optical and thermal properties of materials. In-class demonstrations and class projects will be a critical part of this course and involve the use of the UNC makerspace (BeAM) and the Chapel Hill Analytical and Nanofabrication Laboratory (CHANL). One of the goals of this class is to bridge materials science and engineering disciplines and to make connections to real-world applications.

APPL463 — Bioelectronic Materials
3 Credits. Sample Syllabus.
Developing electronic systems that can seamlessly integrate with biological systems represents a pivotal foundation for building a smart healthcare platform, advanced clinical technology, and beyond. This course will explore and discuss: i) electronic materials, mechanisms, and designs at the biotic-abiotic interface, ii) their impacts for a wide range of applications ranging from medicine, robotics, to human augmentation, and iii) the associated ethics that aim to harmonize the development pathways. Through multiple hands-on activities, this class will highlight a multifaceted understanding of materials and their integration strategies that not only improve intrinsic functionalities (sensing, stimulation, or others) of the fabricated devices, but also and more importantly innovate the ways electronics can interact with the biological counterparts at multiscale.

APPL 465 – Sponge Bob Square Pants and Other Soft Materials
3 Credits. Sample Syllabus.

What kind of material is Sponge Bob made of? What about the slime of his pet snail, Gary? We are taught that there are three states of matter: solid, gas, and liquid. However, in our daily lives we encounter materials that challenge this simple description such as foams, pastes, gels, soap, and rubber, as well as our skin, hair, nails, and cells. These are Soft Materials and in this course we will learn about their special properties and how to describe them mathematically. This class is an active one, everyone participates and everyone learns from and helps one another. We will use various in-class activities to make the class more engaging. We will discuss, take quizzes, and do presentations. We will also evaluate each other’s homework. Be prepared to come to class and participate in these activities! The technical material that you will learn will provide you with a valuable skillset. In addition, a goal of this class is to help you develop an entrepreneurial mindset so that you will understand the bigger picture; draw connections between the material in this class and what you have learned in other classes; recognize opportunities; and learn from mistakes to create value for yourself and others.

Maker Technologies for Everyone Series

APPL 112 – Practical electronics for everyone
1 Credit. Sample Syllabus.

Design and fabrication for practical electronics circuits, including interfacing with sensors and actuators. (Previously offered as APPL 411.)

APPL 113 – LabView for Data Acquisition
1 Credit. Sample Syllabus.

Learn how your computer can interact with sensors or instruments using LabVIEW graphical programming. This software also makes it easy to develop a professional and sophisticated user interface. Programming experience is helpful but not necessary. (Previously offered as APPL 413.)

APPL 114 — Arduino bootcamp: A deep introduction for beginners
0.5 Credit. Sample Syllabus.

Learn to create and program simple systems that allow coordination of real-world inputs (e.g. pushbuttons, light-level, noise) with real-world outputs (e.g. lights, sound, motion). No previous experience required.

APPL 115 – Raspberry Pi bootcamp
1 Credit. Sample Syllabus.

Learn how to use the premier microcontroller platform known as the Raspberry Pi. This is for anyone with an interest in programing, microcontrollers, and basic electronics.

APPL 121 – 3D Printing Technology and Practice
1 Credit. Sample Syllabus.

Delve deeply in each of the major existing and developing additive manufacturing (AM) technologies. Explore the elements of design for AM, motion control and imaging technologies, materials performance and selection, and the physics of parts production. (Previously offered as APPL 418.)

APPL 475Design and Fabrication of Fluids Monitoring Devices 
1 Credit.

Review of basic fluid mechanics theory including the fundamentals of pressure/flow relationships, fluid properties, and flow regimes. Class and laboratory time will be devoted to design and creation of physical prototypes that demonstrate specific concepts and measure defined parameters. Students will use the BeAM makerspace network extensively to make things that illustrate fluid device design concepts. Class time will include exercises to reinforce concepts and a guided design activity to create a physical device.

Courses Cross-listed with Chemistry

APPL 420Introduction to Polymer Chemistry
3 Credits.

Chemical structure and nomenclature of macromolecules, synthesis of polymers, characteristic polymer properties.
Requisites: Prerequisites,CHEM 261 or 261H; pre- or corequisites, CHEM 262 or 262H, and 262L or 263L
Same as: CHEM 420

APPL 421Synthesis of Polymers
3 Credits.

Synthesis and reactions of polymers; various polymerization techniques.
Requisites: Prerequisites, CHEM 251 and 262 or 262H
Same as: CHEM 421

APPL 422Physical Chemistry of Polymers
3 Credits.

Polymerization and characterization of macromolecules in solution.
Requisites: Prerequisites, CHEM 420 and 481
Same as: CHEM 422

APPL 423 — Intermediate Polymer Chemistry
3 Credits.

Polymer dynamics, networks and gels.
Requisites: Prerequisite, CHEM 422
Same as: CHEM 423

APPL 470Fundamentals of Materials Science
3 Credits.

Prerequisite, CHEM 482; or Crystal geometry, diffusion in solids, mechanical properties of solids, electrical conduction in solids, thermal properties of materials, phase equilibria.
Requisites: Prerequisite, PHYS 128 and pre- or corequisite, PHYS 441
Same as: CHEM 470

APPL 473Chemistry and Physics of Surfaces
3 Credits.

The structural and energetic nature of surface states and sites, experimental surface measurements, reactions on surfaces including bonding to surfaces and adsorption, interfaces.
Requisites: Prerequisite, CHEM 470
Same as: CHEM 473

APPL 590-001 and APPL 590-002 Laboratory Techniques for Biochemistry
3 Credits.

An introduction to chemical techniques and research procedures of use in the fields of protein and nucleic acid chemistry. Two four-hour laboratories and one one-hour lecture a week.
Requisites: Prerequisites, BIOL 202; pre- or co-requisite, CHEM 430
Same as: APPL 590-001 is the same as CHEM 530L-401. APPL 590-002 is the same as 530L-402.